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Arabic Course Home Glossary of Arabic Grammar Terms
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STANDARD CLASSICAL ARABIC COURSE
32 Lessons and Exercises

LESSON 15

    THE IMPERFECT TENSE

 

Review  8 :

   :

( + + ) ROOT

 

+ + =

+ + =

+ + =

< , > ,< , > , < , >

 

:  :   =       =       =

( The first letter is , the Second ,  The third   )

 

 ROOT :

1)      :

Weak Verbs: One of its Characters is weak   , ) , )

Weak Letters , , =

,   ,

 

If the   of the verb (1s Character) is a weak letter =

If the of the verb (2nd ) is a weak letter=  (Hollow)

If the   of the verb (3rd ) is a weak letter =

 

2) :

, ,

Strong Verbs with Hamzah: One of its Characters is Hamzah and is void of a ( , , )

=

=

= .

 

3)      :

( )

Strong Verbs with Shaddah:

 2nd and 3rdcharacters are the same, combined in

.( , , a Shaddah and is void of a weak letter (

 

4)      : .

Strong Verb: Void of ( , , ) , Void of a Hamzah

And void of a Shaddah.

, ,  

 

 

 IMPERFECT TENSE

( , , , )

We play with the ball

I read my book

  the flower wilts

The dog barks

 

.

, , , , .

 


:

 

1) / - / -

_     _        _

 

2) _   = _

 

3) = -

 

 

 

IMPERFECT TENSE IN NOMINATIVE CASE

            

                    

                        

            

               ()

                 ()

 

: Feminine yaa ()

, : Dual alif ()

, : Waw MasculinePlural ()

, : .Female Noun ()

:The Five Verbs

, , , , .

: ( ) , ( ) .

The Five Verbs: Imperfect verbs with suffixes of Dual subject Alif (for both masculine and Feminine ), Plural Waw (masculine plural subject) and Feminine Yaa (you feminine subject).

 

   :

 

THE IMPERFECT TENSE IN NOMINATIVE, SUBJUNCTIVE AND JUSSIVE:

.

Imperfect Tense:  (-) The sign of the Nominative, (-) is for Accusative and (-) for Jussive. This true only when the verb is not one of the Five Verbs nor is connected with the noun () of Female suffix.

                              

 

.

The Five Verbs in Nominative: the Noun () remains (survive). In Accusative and Jussive is deleted.

 

.

The Imperfect verb with Noun of Feminine Suffix is affixed on (-)

 

 

: , , ,

, .

The Imperfect Verb in Accusative When it  is proceeded with , , ,

The sign of Accusative is (-) , deleting the noun () in the Five Verbs and (-) affixed with the Female Noun ()

 

                

                           

              ()

               ()

 

, , , :

: You have to learn Arabic

: He does not play with kids

:

You did not study for the test, then you will fail.

: I came in order to visit you

 

 

: , ,

The Imperfect is in Jussive when proceeded with
, ,

 

:

with one verb indicating negation of a verb occurred in the past tense.

: .

With one verb prohibiting the performance of the action of the verb

: .

With two verbs indicating the occurrence of the first verb conditional on the occurrence of the second.

 

The bird did not sing

.Do not drink before running

.

If you hit a cat, it will scratch you

 

, , .

 

 

Review:

                             

                  

           

             

 

     

 

1) : in order to, for the reason of

  < > .

I sat down (to, in order to, for the reason of)  rest  

2) :( )Not .. for 

.

The policeman is (not for) to steal 

3) < > , So that

( ).

Listen to the advise of the teacher so that you succeed.

( )

The student will be barred of the prize unless he works hard.

 

4) : < > until ,

.

I shall sleep in my bed until my recovery is completed.

.

Do not eat until you are hungry. 

5) : .

()

He did not harm (anyone) for him to be hated (despised).

. ()

Do goodness so that you receive thanks. 

6) : .

Do not ..and you do the opposite

.

Do not ask for truth and lie (at the same time).

.

Do not look at the shortcomings of people and ignore yours. 

 

 

:

 

1) : Particles of Jussive

: .

 The messenger went and did not come back.

The king built a palace and did not live in it.

  Said grew up and never got polished.

The student traveled and never came back.

 

: .

.(Let) Ali open the window

. (Let) each humanbeing be kind to orphans

 

2) .

, :

: ( _ _ , )

.

That who eats very much gets fat 

:( _ _ , )

  .

That which you save of many will benefit you at hard time.

 

: ( )

.If you study, you will succeed

 

: ( )

If you do evil act you will regret it

 

: ( )_ _.

.

No matter how (much) you hide your bad traits, God knows them. 

 

, : ( ) _ _ .

() .

 When you travel, I will travel with you.

 

, , : () _ _ .

() , ()  .

 Wherever you go I will accompany you.

 

: () _ _ .

.

The way you treat me, I will treat you. 

 

: ( ) _ _ .

.

Any book you read, you will be pleased with knowledge.

 


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Exercise 13


Exercise 14


Exercise 15


Exercise 16


Exercise 17


Exercise 18


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Exercise 21


Exercise 22


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Exercise 24


Exercise 25


Exercise 26


Exercise 27


Exercise 28


Exercise 29


Exercise 30


Exercise 31


Exercise 32